On this page we have collated some of the most useful principles and documents that set standards for advancing and defending the right of access to information.
We are also currently in the process of drafting two sets of Access Info principles on Access to Information and Proactive Publication.
Access Info Principles:
Five Principles for an Open and Accountable NATO
Civil Society Standards and Declarations
Justice Initiative Ten Principles on the Right to Know
Article 19, Public’s Right to Know, Principles on Freedom of Information Legislation
Atlanta Declaration and Plan of Action for the Advancement of the Right of Access to Information
Budapest Declaration on Right of Access to Information
Transparency Charter for International Financial Institutions:
Claiming our Right to Know
Council of Europe Convention on Access to Documents
Aarhus Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters
Inter-governmental Principles and Recommendations
Organisation of American States, Inter-American Judicial Committee, Principles on the Right of Access to Information
Council of Europe Recommendation 2002(2) on access to official documents
African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights Declaration of Principles on Freedom of Expression in Africa
Unesco’s Maputo Declaration on Fostering Freedom of Expression, Access to Information and Empowerment of People
Declarations by international freedom of expression rapporteurs
See, Intergovernmental Materials on Free Expression from Article 19, including the 2004 joint declaration on International Mechanisms for Promoting Freedom of Expression.
Why you should not need to provide personal identification documents in order to request access to information
Madrid, 4 December 2013 - The Spanish Transparency, Access to Information and Good Governance Law establishes the rules on the access to information procedures in Article 17, one of which is identifying the identity of the requester. This is not necessarily a problem, given that many access to information laws around the world also ask for such information in order to direct the response directly back to the requester, the difference and real problem in Spain is that access to information is considered an administrative procedure and therefore making requests comes under administrative procedure rules.
The following mini report by Access Info outlines the reasons against obliging citizens to identify themselves when making access to information requests.
Limiting access to information to under-16s goes against the principle of access to information as a fundamental right
Madrid, 2 December 2013 - No one should have their right of access to information restricted due to their age according to Access Info Europe and transparency experts. This declaration follows a meeting between Access Info and authors of a draft transparency law in Catalonia, Spain, who have a provision which would restrict access to information to under-16s.
Following the meeting between Catalan representatives and Victoria Anderica, Access Info Europe has published a short report that outlines the arguments against restricting access to information due to age, including reference to international law and jurisprudence from the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and Scotland as well as comments from civil society experts.