WHO REALLY OWNS THE MEDIA?
YOU HAVE A RIGHT TO KNOW!

    » In only 9 of the 20 countries can the public find out who the actual owners of the broadcast media are from reporting to media regulators or to company registers.

    » Disclosure to media regulators of beneficial (ultimate) owners of media outlets is not currently required in most of the countries.

    » There is no unified or standard approach to collecting or requiring disclosure to the public of media ownership data, particularly with regard to print and online media.

    BACK THE CAMPAIGN

    Why do we want this information?

    The public availability of accurate, comprehensive, and up-to-date data on media ownership is an essential component of a democratic media system. It is impossible to take steps to address excessive media concentrations and conflicts of interest without the tools to identify the owners; public knowledge of owners’ identities helps to ensure that abuses of media power can be assessed, publicised, openly debated and – even – prevented. Both media regulators and the general public must have access to information about who owns – and influences – media outlets.

    Do you still have questions about why we need to know who owns the media? Check out our FAQs!

    The Ten Recommendations on Transparency of Media Ownership

            1.   Disclosure of essential basic information

            2.   Information is findable and free

            3.   Information is regularly updated

            4.   Data is reusable and in open formats

            5.   Progressive increase in transparency

            6.   Transparency of influence

            7.   Clear and precise legal framework

            8.   Oversight by an independent body

            9.   Direct disclosure to the public

            10. Transnational access and comparability

    Download the Recommendations in full (.pdf), and scroll down for the country-by-country analysis


    ENDORSE THE CAMPAIGN

    Who else thinks transparency of media ownership is important?

    Find out more – read our FAQs, dive into our research, or check out the updates. Why not take a look at our interviews with academics, journalists, activists, and media outlets. Watch all interviews here!

    Media transparency is important for those who are consuming media. If I’m reading a newspaper, or watching television, I would like to know who is providing me with this information.
    Alison Harcourt, Associate Professor at University of Exeter
    Media products can affect and influence the way people think, what decisions people take, and so knowing who is behind the media, or a media enterprise, is key to a transparent society.
    Florian Skrabal, Founder of dossier.at
    Every media transports some kind of opinión, some kind of mindset, and since media are so strongly involved in the creation of mindsets, in the influence of what people think, it’s important to know who are the people that tell you what to think.
    Florian Philapitsch, Vice Chairman of KommAustria
    I can’t think of any reason at all why the public or society at large should not know who owns any media organisation.
    Gavin Sheridan, Investigative Journalist and FOI Expert
    The civil society has the right to know who is speaking to them.
    Alexander Kashumov, Head of the Legal Team; Access to Information Programme, Sofia, Bulgaria
    The media scene has changed globally, everywhere, and you have a situation where there’s so many ways of sophisticated pressures.
    Ana Petruseva, Managing Editor, Balkan Insight, BIRN Country Director Macedonia

    Country-by-Country Research and Analysis

    Contact us if you are interested in researching the transparency of media ownership in your country.

    austria

    Austria

    azerbaijan

    Azerbaijan

    bulgaria

    Bulgaria

    croatia

    Croatia

    cyprus

    Cyprus

    georgia

    Georgia

    germany

    Germany

    iceland

    Iceland

    italy

    Italy

    latvia

    Latvia

    luxembourg

    Luxembourg

    macedonia

    Macedonia

    morocco

    Morocco

    netherlands

    Netherlands

    norway

    Norway

    romania

    Romania

    spain

    Spain

    switzerland

    Switzerland

    turkey

    Turkey

    united_kingdom

    United Kingdom

    ENDORSE THE CAMPAIGN

    Who Endorses The Recommendations And Joined The Campaign?

    Check out who else has signed up to support the recommendations

    International CSOs

    Access Info Europe
    African Initiative for Communication and Freedom of Expression
    Corporate Europe Observatory
    Freedom Forum
    Open Society Program on Independent Journalism
    Publish What You Pay
    Sunlight Foundation
    The MediaWise Trust
    Universal Rights Network
    Xchange Perspectives e.V.

    Individuals

    Ana Revuelta Alonso, Researcher
    Carlos Pallarol, Journalist
    Reynaldo Castro Melgarejo, Researcher

    Media

    Eldiario.es

    Private companies

    Openwise PC

    National and other CSOs

    ACEP
    ALBANIAN MEDIA INSTITUTE
    Amis de la Terre Isère
    Association Funky Citizens
    Association of Journalists of Macedonia
    Bangladesh NGOs Network for Radio & Communication (BNNRC)
    Berne Declaration / Erklärung von Bern
    Campaign for Press and Broadcasting Freedom
    CDDI
    Civil Control for Animal Defense
    Civio Foundation
    D.A.T.A.
    European Federation of Journalists
    Forum Informationsfreiheit
    Fundación Civiliter
    Fundación Economistas sin Fronteras
    GONG
    Independent Association of Georgian Journalists
    Independent Media Trade Union of Ukraine
    Informace pro vsechny
    Institute for Development of Freedom of Information (IDFI)
    Investigative Journalism Center, Zagreb-Croatiater
    K-Monitor (Hungary)
    Media Reform Coalition
    Mertek Media Monitor
    National Council for Radio and Television (Greece)
    Nexus Research
    ONG Moral
    Opcions
    Palestinian center for development and media freedoms-mada
    Peace Institute Ljubljana
    Press Council of Kosovo
    Press Institute of Mongolia
    Public Association Center for Promotion of Freedom of Expression and Access to Information
    Qué hacen los diputados
    République Citoyenne
    Right to Information Assesment and Advocacy Group
    Solidaridad Postal
    Transparency International Ukraine