WHO REALLY OWNS THE MEDIA?
IN ONLY 9 OUT OF 20 COUNTRIES CAN THE PUBLIC FIND OUT WHO THE
REAL OWNERS OF THE BROADCAST MEDIA ARE
YOU HAVE A RIGHT TO KNOW!
» In only 9 of the 20 countries can the public find out who the actual owners of the broadcast media are from reporting to media regulators or to company registers.
» Disclosure to media regulators of beneficial (ultimate) owners of media outlets is not currently required in most of the countries.
» There is no unified or standard approach to collecting or requiring disclosure to the public of media ownership data, particularly with regard to print and online media.
Why do we want this information?
The public availability of accurate, comprehensive, and up-to-date data on media ownership is an essential component of a democratic media system. It is impossible to take steps to address excessive media concentrations and conflicts of interest without the tools to identify the owners; public knowledge of owners’ identities helps to ensure that abuses of media power can be assessed, publicised, openly debated and – even – prevented. Both media regulators and the general public must have access to information about who owns – and influences – media outlets.
Do you still have questions about why we need to know who owns the media? Check out our FAQs!
THE TEN RECOMMENDATIONS ON
TRANSPARENCY OF MEDIA OWNERSHIP
1. Disclosure of essential basic information
2. Information is findable and free
3. Information is regularly updated
4. Data is reusable and in open formats
5. Progressive increase in transparency
6. Transparency of influence
7. Clear and precise legal framework
8. Oversight by an independent body
9. Direct disclosure to the public
10. Transnational access and comparability
Download the Recommendations in full (.pdf), and scroll down for the country-by-country analysis
WHO ELSE THINKS TRANSPARENCY OF THE MEDIA
Find out more – read our FAQs, dive into our research, or check out the updates. Why not take a look at our interviews with academics, journalists, activists, and media outlets. Watch all interviews here!
Media transparency is important for those who are consuming media. If I’m reading a newspaper, or watching television, I would like to know who is providing me with this information.
Media products can affect and influence the way people think, what decisions people take, and so knowing who is behind the media, or a media enterprise, is key to a transparent society.
Every media transports some kind of opinión, some kind of mindset, and since media are so strongly involved in the creation of mindsets, in the influence of what people think, it’s important to know who are the people that tell you what to think.
I can’t think of any reason at all why the public or society at large should not know who owns any media organisation.
The civil society has the right to know who is speaking to them.
The media scene has changed globally, everywhere, and you have a situation where there’s so many ways of sophisticated pressures.
Country-by-Country Research and Analysis
Contact us if you are interested in researching the transparency of media ownership in your country.
WHO ENDORSES THE RECOMMENDATIONS AND
JOINED THE CAMPAIGN?
Check out who else has signed up to support the recommendations
Access Info Europe
African Initiative for Communication and Freedom of Expression
Corporate Europe Observatory
Open Society Program on Independent Journalism
Publish What You Pay
The MediaWise Trust
Universal Rights Network
Xchange Perspectives e.V.
Ana Revuelta Alonso, Researcher
Carlos Pallarol, Journalist
Reynaldo Castro Melgarejo, Researcher
National and other CSOs
ALBANIAN MEDIA INSTITUTE
Amis de la Terre Isère
Association Funky Citizens
Association of Journalists of Macedonia
Bangladesh NGOs Network for Radio & Communication (BNNRC)
Berne Declaration / Erklärung von Bern
Campaign for Press and Broadcasting Freedom
Civil Control for Animal Defense
European Federation of Journalists
Fundación Economistas sin Fronteras
Independent Association of Georgian Journalists
Independent Media Trade Union of Ukraine
Informace pro vsechny
Institute for Development of Freedom of Information (IDFI)
Investigative Journalism Center, Zagreb-Croatiater
Media Reform Coalition
Mertek Media Monitor
National Council for Radio and Television (Greece)
Palestinian center for development and media freedoms-mada
Peace Institute Ljubljana
Press Council of Kosovo
Press Institute of Mongolia
Public Association Center for Promotion of Freedom of Expression and Access to Information
Qué hacen los diputados
Right to Information Assesment and Advocacy Group
Transparency International Ukraine